US President Donald Trump has clearly broken with the trade policy of his predecessors. Under Trump, the United States withdrew from the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP); agreements with Mexico and Canada (NAFTA and USMCA) and South Korea (KORUS) have been renegotiated. The Trump administration has imposed tariffs on steel and aluminum, threatened tariffs on cars and launched a customs spiral with China. Washington has triggered a deep crisis within the World Trade Organization (WTO), with the Trump administration blocking the appointment of new members of the appeals body and the appointment of a new director general. 1. For Americans who vote at an early stage, the agreement was even worse. For example, according to August 2020 data published on 25 September 2020, China had purchased 51 per cent of the annual imports needed to meet the purchasing target (see Chart 1, panel a). 7. See US Trade Representative and US Department of Agriculture, Interim Report on the Economic and Trade Agreement between the United States of America and the People`s Republic of China: Agriculture Trade, October 23, 2020. This report contains data on projected U.S. exports – not actual U.S.
exports under the legal text of the trade agreement – based on weekly sales data for certain agricultural products reported to the Department of Agriculture. On December 12, 2019, the Mexican Senate adopted the revised treaty by 107 votes to 1.  On April 3, 2020, Mexico announced its readiness to implement the agreement and joined Canada, although it requested that its auto industry have additional time to comply with the agreement.  The agreement is an important turning point in U.S. trade policy and in the types of free trade agreements that the United States has generally supported. Instead of reducing tariffs to allow trade in goods and services to meet market demand, the agreement leaves a record level of tariffs and forces China to buy some $200 billion worth of goods in two years. As Barack Obama`s vice president, Joe Biden was a strong advocate for the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) and Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) negotiations. As president, it is questionable whether he will take this thread and give a high priority to trade policy. It seems certain that he will not prioritize trade agreements, at least during the first period of his presidency. At the beginning of his presidency, he will instead focus on emergency measures for the national economy. It is also certain that more attention will be paid to the concerns of Biden`s unions and environmental organizations. It is therefore unlikely that Biden will quickly withdraw the steel and aluminum tariffs advocated by the respective unions.
If so, Biden also wants to use tariffs, but not to “falsify tenacity.” Nevertheless, he made it clear that he too would apply U.S. trade law consistently if U.S. jobs were threatened. In accordance with Section 103 (b) (2) of the USMCA Act, the date of the interim provisions to be recommended will be set no later than after the USMCA comes into force and the implementation of the uniform rules of origin.  Uniform regulations at the USMCA help interpret the various chapters of the USMCA, first chapters 4-7. These rules were released one month before the trade agreement came into force and replaced NAFTA on July 1, 2020 On March 13, 2020, the House of Commons passed USMCA Implementation Act C-4 before exposing itself for six weeks due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Due to “exceptional circumstances,” the third and final reading of the act was passed in the absence of a roll call vote, as part of an omnibus adjournment motion that was unanimously adopted by all members present.  Prime Minister Justin Trudeau was not present because he was at home in self-isolation after his wife, Sophie Grégoire Trudeau, tested positive for a covid-19 infection.