While the Camp David agreements were negotiated for a few days in the summer of 1978, they are in fact the result of several months of diplomatic efforts that began when Jimmy Carter took over the presidency in January 1977, after defeating Gerald Ford. Accompanied by their negotiating teams and with an overview, the two heads of state and government met at Camp David for 13 days of tense and dramatic negotiations from 5 to 17 September 1978. Camp David marked a turning point in Middle East politics. In September 1978, Israel and Egypt had been in conflict for 30 years and another devastating war on leaders and public opinion was threatening. Forty years after the treaty, relations between Egypt and Israel, while certainly limited, are stable, mutually beneficial and peaceful. Camp David has also set important precedents for how peace is negotiated in the Middle East and how Arab and Israeli interests should be taken into account in a peace process. Sadat and Begin were generally able to identify their common and common interest in ending hostilities. They have also been able to put in place mechanisms to ensure the stability of the treaty, particularly with regard to security and surveillance mechanisms. Finally, Camp David is also representative of the dynamics that international politics and the organization of peace can have.
In the early 1970s, no one would have predicted Israeli-Egyptian peace until the end of the decade. The 1973 war had bled both sides in blood and was used by Sadat and the Arabs as a rhetorical tool. But within a few months, Sadat was on the ground of the Knesset (Israel`s parliament), an agreement was negotiated at Camp David and a peace treaty was signed for 40 years. Despite decades of hostility before the agreement, changes in leadership and occasional tensions since then, public opinion has adapted to a peace that serves its interests. The Camp David Summit, held from September 5 to 17, 1978, was a defining moment in both the history of the Arab-Israeli conflict and American diplomacy. Rarely has a U.S. president paid as much attention to a single foreign policy issue as Carter during the two-week summit. Carter`s ambitious goals for the talks were the breaking of the blockade of the negotiations and the triggering of a detailed Israeli-Israeli peace agreement. To this end, U.S.
experts in the Middle East have developed a draft treaty that has served as the basis for the negotiations and is expected to be reviewed several times during the summit. Conversations proved extremely difficult, especially when the trilateral format could no longer be maintained. Instead, Carter and Vance met with the Egyptian and Israeli delegations over the next twelve days. The agreements were another interim agreement or a new stage, but negotiations resulting from the agreements have slowed down for several reasons. These included the inability to involve Jordanians in the talks; The colonial controversy; indecision of future discussions on autonomy; domestic opposition, carried by both Begin and Sadat and, in Sadat`s case, by the ostracism and anger of the Arab world; the emergence of a cold peace between Egypt and Israel; Changes in foreign policy priorities, including the discontinuity of staff engaged in maintaining the negotiation process.  VII.